Dissolving Renal Stones is also called Stone Dissolution Therapy. Most kidney stones cannot be dissolved. Every patient with renal calculi would love to have their stones dissolved, but unfortunately, this is usually impossible.
Nearly all stones in the western world are composed of calcium and these calculi can never be dissolved.
About 5% of renal stones are made up of Uric Acid. These calculi can be dissolved in 75% of cases by making the urine more alkaline (less acidic). This requires medications such as Ural Sachets, which need to be taken 4 times daily for 4-8 weeks. Another alternative agent is Urocit-K (Potassium Citrate).
Another stone which can sometimes be dissolved is a cysteine stone – this is a very rare type of kidney stone (less than 1 % of all kidney stones).