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Stimulation of red blood cell production

The kidneys produce Erythropoetin which is a chemical that stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. Kidney failure is therefore frequently associated with anaemia (lack of red blood cells).

Patients with kidney failure and anaemia can be treated with Erythropoietin which will usually improve the anaemia.

The kidneys also produce various other hormones (such as calcitriol) which are vital for good health.